Korean War Facts and Figures
- North and South Korea were divided at what parallel?
- 38th parallel. The 38th parallel is a line of latitude that roughly cuts the Korean peninsula in two. The parallel was established as the boundary between Soviet (north) and American (south) occupation zones in Korea at the surrender of Japan after World War II. The Japanese surrender ended 35 years of occupation of Korea by Japan.
- Who said, "I shall go to Korea?"
- Dwight David Eisenhower in his "I Shall Go to Korea" speech. This speech was delivered during the closing days of the 1952 presidential campaign on October 24, 1952.
- What is the formal name of MASH?
- Mobile Army Surgical Hospital. Fixed in popular culture by the Robert Altman movie, M*A*S*H, and hit TV series of the same name, MASH units were in fact real. First conceived during World War II when Echelon III hospital units of field hospitals were placed closely to a division clearing station, where immediate care could be provided.
Three MASH units were created in Korea soon after hostilities began. There were eventually a total of seven MASH units in Korea, although not all were active for the entire war.
Standards for a MASH required that it could be disassembled, loaded and ready to leave on six hours notice. It was required to be operational within four hours of arriving at a new location. Each MASH unit operated 5 surgical tables in a shift. Once a soldier got to a MASH unit, he had a 97% chance of survival.
- Who was President of the United States at the outset of the Korean War?
- Harry S. Truman. Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945. He followed President Franklin D. Roosevlt, who died less than 3 months after beginning his fourth term. Truman was the 33rd president.